DOT Physical

DOT Physical


Federal law requires drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) to receive regular physical examinations under the Department of Transportation. DOT physicals are highly regulated for the drivers’ safety and are designed to detect physical, mental, and emotional issues that can affect a driver’s ability to safely drive a commercial vehicle. A DOT physical follows strict guidelines mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), ensuring that CDL drivers and other safety-sensitive employees are in good health to work safely. With these strict guidelines, DOT physicals can sometimes seem like an overwhelming process. For this reason, the staff at the Alabama Clinics in Dothan are well trained and specialized to make the process as smooth as possible.

DOT Physicals are Essential

Employers cannot have drivers out on the road without a valid DOT card. That means that you can’t legally do business unless your CMV driver is cleared for the road. Because of this, DOT physicals are a must-have if you’re a commercial driver or employ commercial drivers. They help ensure your drivers will be safe on the road, and compliant with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).

What do the DOT Physical Covers?

  1. Vision
    Drivers are required to have at least 20/40 acuity in each eye with or without correction. They are also required to have at least 70” peripheral in the horizontal meridian, measured in each eye.
  2. Hearing
    Drivers must be able to perceive what is known as a “forced whisper” at a distance of 5ft or less, with or without a hearing aid. This standard equates to an average hearing loss in the better ear
    of less than 40 dB.
  3. Blood pressure/pulse rate
    The medical examiner will check the driver’s blood pressure and pulse to look for high blood pressure and irregular heartbeats.
  4. Urinalysis
    A urinalysis is required. The test looks for indications of underlying medical conditions such as diabetes.
  5. Physical Examination
    The physical exam will cover a dozen different categories:

General appearance

A Department of Transportation (DOT) physical examination must be conducted by a licensed “medical examiner” listed on the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) National Registry.

A DOT physical exam is valid for up to 24 months. The medical examiner may also issue a medical examiner’s certificate for less than 24 months when it is desirable to monitor a condition, such as high blood pressure.

What to Bring to a DOT Physical?

All drivers need to bring a complete list of their medication, including the doses and their doctors’ names and addresses. To save time, it’s also recommended that drivers fill out the health history questionnaire before coming to the clinic.

To make sure the exam runs as smoothly as possible, drivers with certain medical issues need to bring the appropriate documents or items. The below are the state requirement and for this purpose, Alabama Clinics provide a complete documentation so they don’t face any issues in obtaining the DOT Physical.

All drivers

Drivers who require eyeglasses, contact lenses, or hearing aids

Drivers who have high blood pressure

Drivers who have diabetes

Drivers who have nighttime sleep disturbance (sleep apnea) and use a CPAP machine

Drivers who have heart-related issues, (including the use of stent, valve replacement, pacemaker, open-heart surgery, cardiac bypass surgery, or heart attack)

Drivers who have suffered a stroke, a brain tumor, seizure disorder, or bleeding in the brain

Drivers who have experienced the permanent loss of use in an arm or a leg

Drivers who are taking any medications that may cause sedation or sleepiness or controlled substances (includes narcotics, sleeping pills, anxiety medication, ADHD medication)

Drivers who are taking the blood thinner Coumadin (Warfarin)


Department of Transportation Requirements

To pass the physical for the CDL you:.

In case you are currently diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease such as congestive cardiac failure, collapse or cardiac insufficiency, then you will need to provide the Medical Examiner with a stress test along with a note from your physician which states that you are able to drive a commercial motor vehicle without restrictions restrictions.

Walk in Today or Call now to book an appointment
for DOT Physical only at your
Alabama Clinics: 334-712-1170
We accept all major insurances including Medicaid, Medicare, Aetna, and Bluecross.