Schizotypal personality disorder is a pattern of social and interpersonal difficulties that includes a sense of discomfort with close relationships, eccentric behavior, and unusual thoughts and perceptions of reality. Speech may include digressions, odd use of words or display “magical thinking,” such as a belief in clairvoyance and bizarre fantasies. Patients usually experience distorted thinking, behave strangely, and avoid intimacy. They typically have few, if any, close friends, and feel nervous around strangers although they may marry and maintain jobs. The disorder, which may appear more frequently in males, surfaces by early adulthood and can exacerbate anxiety and depression.
People with this disorder may be severely disturbed and might appear schizophrenic. More commonly, however, patient beliefs (aliens, witchcraft, possessing a “sixth sense”) are stranger than their behavior, and may often keep them isolated from normal relationships. Hallucinations, however, are not a common symptom.
Schizotypal personality disorder typically includes five or more of these signs and symptoms:
Signs of schizotypal personality disorder, such as increased interest in solitary activities or a high level of social anxiety, may be seen in the teen years. The child may be an underperformer in school or appear socially out of step with peers, and as a result is often bullied or teased.
Exact causes of Schizotypal Personality Disorder is unknown, however, one must not confuse it with Schizophrenia. Schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) has many phenomenological, genetic, physiologic, and neuroanatomical commonalities with schizophrenia. Low-dose Risperidone is one of the possible treatments, but an expert psychiatric must be consulted as there’s a fair chance of getting confused between both Schizotypal and Schizophrenia.
People with schizotypal personality disorder are at an greater risk of